By jeremyc | January 2, 2017
Breast cancer is the number one type of cancer in women. It is estimated that, more than 1.5 million women across the world are diagnosed with this cancer.
Thanks to genetic research, scientists are now able to divide breast cancer into three sub-types, which respond in a different manner to different types of treatment.
There are three receptors known to promote cancer of the breast: progesterone, estrogen, HER2. A breast cancer is classified into a sub-category depending on the presence and absence of these three receptors.
Breast cancers having HER2 have an encouraging prognosis. They are more likely to respond to treatment. However, a certain sub-type of breast cancer, called triple-negative breast cancer (because it doesn’t contain any of the three receptors) is not easy to treat.
Chemotherapy is the only viable option in case of this cancer. However, now scientists have found a certain molecule which slows triple-negative breast cancer.
In this study, the scientists tested a certain ingredient known capsaicin on a model for this sub-type of breast cancer. Commonly found in chilli peppers, capsaicin was found to slow the progression of breast cancer.
While capsaicin taken through food will not be sufficient for this cancer, specially-designed medicines might prove very useful.
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