Consuming Artificial Sweeteners in High Amounts Linked to Greater Risk of Developing Diabetes

By jeremyc | September 16, 2017

According to a new study, the risk of developing diabetes type 2 increases when you consume artificial sweeteners in large quantities.

This is not the first study to suggest this. Previous studies too have indicated that when non-caloric artificial sweeteners are consumed in large amounts habitually, the risk of developing diabetes type 2 increases. However, why this happens is unknown. In this study, the researchers set out to find how body responds to glucose when non-caloric artificial sweeteners are consumed too much.

For this study, the researchers enrolled 27 healthy individuals. Some subjects were asked to take 2 different non-caloric artificial sweeteners in a quantity that was equal to drinking one-and-a-half liter of diet drink daily. Some subjects were given a placebo.

After two weeks, subjects underwent a test to examine their response to glucose, as well as plasma glucose, glucose absorption, and levels of gut peptides and insulin.

The researchers noted that supplementation with non-caloric artificial sweeteners increased the response to glucose. In other words, taking non-caloric artificial sweeteners in high amounts for just two weeks increases the risk of developing diabetes type 2.

Topics: Diabetes | No Comments »

Long-term Use of Birth Control Pill Might Lower Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk

By jeremyc | September 15, 2017

Women who take oral contraceptive might have a reduced risk of rheumatoid arthritis, according to latest research.

In this study, the researchers compared more than 2,000 women who had been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis with more than 5,000 women (who formed the control group) who didn’t have this condition. Women in the control group were randomly selected.

The researchers took blood samples of all participants and considered the lifestyle factors of each.

It was noted that women who were using oral contraceptives had lower risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. The same was found to be true in case of women who formerly used the pill.

The researchers observed the duration of time the pill was used also mattered. They found the use of pill for over 7 years was linked to lower risk of rheumatoid arthritis, irrespective of whether the person had positive rheumatoid arthritis bodies.

Several other studies before this one had studied the effect of hormones and reproduction on developing rheumatoid arthritis. Some past studies have found that rheumatoid arthritis can go into remission when pregnancy occurs and that symptoms of the condition reduce during the 2nd trimester.

However, this study didn’t look into the effect of pregnancy on rheumatoid arthritis risk.

Topics: Arthritis | No Comments »

High Salt Intake Increases Diabetes, LADA Risk

By jeremyc | September 14, 2017

According to latest research, the risk of developing diabetes type 2, as well as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (also called LADA), increases with an increase in intake of sodium. For most of us, the primary source of sodium is salt. So there’s a strong need to check salt intake.

A common health condition, diabetes affects over 29 million American people. According to experts, diabetes type 2 is responsible for 90-95 percent of all diabetes cases.

In diabetes type 2, the pancreas produces some amount of insulin, but the body is unable to properly utilize it. Senior and middle-aged individuals are more likely to be diagnosed with this type of diabetes.

Many a time, LADA is wrongly diagnosed as diabetes type 2. The former is a different condition, but it too most commonly occurs in adulthood.

LADA progresses more slowly, and people who are diagnosed with it don’t initially need insulin treatment.

In this study, the researchers set out to find how sodium intake affects the risk of developing LADA and diabetes type 2.

For this study, the researchers examined data of 1,136 people having diabetes type 2 and 355 people having LADA. The researchers also examined data of 1,379 healthy individuals, and compared the data of the first group with the control group.

The researchers noted that the risk of LADA increased by 73 percent and the risk of diabetes by 43 percent for each extra gram of sodium daily.

 

 

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Probiotics Might Play a Key Role In Prevention and Treatment of Colorectal Cancer

By jeremyc | September 13, 2017

A recent study investigates if it is possible to use probiotics for preventing and treating colon cancer linked to IBS (that is, inflammatory bowel disease). The results so far, after completion of tests in mice, are encouraging. However, there’s a need for further investigation.

Colorectal cancer is ranked as the 3rd most common cancer in American adults. It is estimated that more than 50,000 people will die this year because of this cancer.

The risk of colorectal cancer increases if you’ve been diagnosed with IBS. Other known risk factors include smoking, sedentary lifestyle, a high BMI (that is, body mass index), and genetic factors.

Recent research shows that the gut microbiota has a crucial role to play in development of this cancer. Nevertheless, at present, there are several mechanisms which are not clear. Recent research hints that the influence which probiotics has on microbiota might help prevent colorectal cancer.

In this study, the researchers examined the potential of certain probiotics to treat or prevent colorectal cancer. The focus in this study was on Lactobacillus reuteri, a probiotics that is naturally present in our gut, as well as of other mammals.

Previous research has shown that this bacterium can lower inflammation. That’s why the researchers were keen on investigating how it affects colorectal cancer tumours.

Topics: Cancer | No Comments »

Low Vitamin D Levels Might Predict Multiple Sclerosis

By jeremyc | September 12, 2017

A recent, large-scale study indicates that the risk of developing multiple sclerosis increases significantly when there’s deficiency of Vitamin D. In other words, vitamin D deficiency can serve as a dependable predictive marker. Also it means that addressing the deficiency of Vitamin D, in return, might help lower the risk.

Multiple sclerosis is a progressive neurological condition in which the sheaths of nerve cells in spinal cord and brain get damaged. Data suggests that about 400,000 individuals in the U.S. are living with this condition.

Till date, we don’t know what causes multiple sclerosis. What we do know, however, is it affects women more than men. This research, in which a large number of women participated, has identified a risk factor: vitamin D deficiency.

According to the study author, while some previous studies had hinted at the possibility of vitamin D blood levels serving as a marker for predicting multiple sclerosis risk, all these studies were small in scale. The present study is the first large-scale study to probe this link.

For this study, the researchers checked data of over 80,000 women. The researchers noted that women who had vitamin D deficiency had a 43% greater risk of developing multiple sclerosis, compared to women with normal vitamin D levels.

 

Topics: Multiple Sclerosis | No Comments »

Drink More Coffee to Reduce Early Death Risk, A New Study Says

By jeremyc | September 11, 2017

If you love having a few cups of joe or more daily, there’s some good news for you. A recent research has linked higher consumption of coffee with reduced risk of early death. According to this observational study, in which almost 20,000 people participated, coffee should be a part of diet in healthy individuals.

Coffee is consumed all over the world and usually in good quantities, too. Previous studies had hinted at an inverse correlation between drinking coffee and all-cause mortality. However, how this plays out in Mediterranean people has never been looked into before.

The aim of the latest study was to check how drinking coffee affects all-cause mortality risk in Mediterranean individuals who are in their middle years. More than 22,0000 individuals participated in this study.

The researchers noted that drinking 4 or more cups of coffee every day was linked to 64 percent reduced risk of death from all causes, compared to people with zero or very little coffee consumption. What’s more, the all-cause mortality risk fell by 22 percent for every 2 extra cups a day.

 

Topics: General Health News | No Comments »

Whole Grains & Exercise Lower Colorectal Cancer Risk, Possessed Meats & Excess Alcohol Increase the Risk

By jeremyc | September 10, 2017

According to latest research, there’s a strong link between your lifestyle and your risk of developing colorectal cancer.

The researchers have found that being physically active and eating whole grains reduces the risk of this cancer. At the same time, your risk of developing colorectal cancer increases if you eat red meat and processed meats, are obese, and drink excess alcohol.

It is estimated that 47% of cases of colorectal cancer in the U.S. can be prevented every year by making lifestyle changes.

Unlike refined grains, whole grains have the entire grain, that is, both the brain germ and endosperm. Whole wheat, oatmeal, barley, rye, brown rice, buckwheat, wild rice, bulgur, millet, triticale, sorghum, corn, popcorn, and quinoa are all examples of whole grains.

This research encourages eating more whole grains, as well as staying physical active, to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.

Eating about 3 servings (equals to about 90 gm) of whole grains was found to lower colorectal cancer risk by 17 percent. The researchers also noted that physically active people had a lower risk of colon cancer, compared to those leading a sedentary lifestyle.

The researchers also found that regular consumption of bacon, hot dogs, and other kinds of processed meats puts you at greater risk of colorectal cancer. The cancer risk also increases when you drink 2 or more alcoholic drinks daily or if you are obese.

 

Topics: Cancer | No Comments »

Omega-3s Linked to Better Microbial Diversity in the Gut

By jeremyc | September 9, 2017

According to new research, omega-3 rich foods might help promote a healthy gut. In this new study, the researchers concluded that people whose diet includes omega-3 rich foods, like garlic, fish, flaxseed oil, and nuts, in greater quantities are likely to have greater gut biodiversity. Greater biodiversity in gut, in turn, is good for overall health.

Omega-3s are called essential acids. This basically means that while they are needed for good health, we cannot make them on our own and can get them only through food.

Omega-3s promote health in many ways. They help lower LDL cholesterol, which is also called the bad cholesterol. These fatty acids also improve heart health and reduce high blood pressure.

A few studies have also purported omega-3 fatty acids can help alleviate symptoms associated with rheumatoid arthritis, make bones stronger, and protect against cognitive decline associated with age, as well as dementia.

The latest research adds another important benefit to the list of benefits of omega-3s. The study links omega-3 intake with gut biodiversity, which is crucial to overall health.

Bacteria living in our gut help keep the immune system strong and healthy, which in turn helps us fight off diseases. The opposite is equally true. Poor microbial diversity in the gut is linked with various diseases, like bowel cancer and irritable bowel syndrome.

Topics: General Health News | No Comments »

Liver Disease in Diabetes Patients Linked to Increased Risk of CVD, Mortality

By jeremyc | September 8, 2017

People with diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (or NAFD for short) are at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD for short), according to a new study.

In this study, the researchers examined data for over 133,000 individuals. The researchers noted that the risk of CVD and death was considerably higher in individuals who had diabetes, as well as NAFD.

Recent data indicates that NAFD is more common than any other type of liver disease in the U.S. Previous research has proved that liver disease is linked to higher risk of CVD and mortality. Additionally, studies have hinted at the existence of strong link between NAFD and diabetes type 2. What’s more, it is believed that when these two conditions are present together, the risk of developing other complications increases.

Even though NAFLD and diabetes type 2 are often present together, and even though NAFLD is linked with a greater risk of CVD, not to mention mortality, it has not been conclusively proven that patients who have both diabetes and NAFLD carry greater risk to cardiovascular disease and death.

In this research it was found that in diabetes patients, NAFLD was linked to about 62% greater incidence rate of severe cardiovascular event, like strokes.

Diabetes patients with NAFLD were also found to carry a 40% greater risk of CVD-related death. The risk of all-cause death was two times more and the risk of death from hepatocellular carcinoma was 41 times more in these patients.

Topics: Cardiovascular | No Comments »

FDA Recently Gave Approval to First Gene Therapy in The U.S.

By jeremyc | September 7, 2017

On Aug 31st the FDA gave approval to Kymriah for treating certain patients, pediatric as well as young adults, suffering from a type of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This is a landmark decision because now gene therapy is available in America for the first time. Cancer patients and people with other serious conditions will now have an additional treatment option.

Kymriah is indicated for use in patients who are 25 years of age or less and are suffering from refractory or second-stage or a relapse of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Kymriah is a cell-based gene therapy.

Kymriah’s every dose is a tailor-made treatment made by taking the patient’s T-cells, also known as lymphocyte. The collected T-cells of a patient are modified genetically so that they include an additional gene which has a particular protein that instigates T-cells to liquidate leukemia cells having a particular antigen on surface. After T-cells are altered, they are injected into the patient so that they can terminate cancer cells.

In acute lymphoblastic leukemia, lymphocytes are produced in abnormal quantities. This cancer progresses rapidly and occurs more commonly than any other childhood cancer.

It is estimated that every year about 3,100 children and young adults under 20 years of age are diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which can be either B-cell or T-cell. B-cell is more common and Kymriah is approved for those young adult and pediatric patients whose cancer didn’t respond to or has come back following initial treatment. According to experts, this happens in about 15%-20% of patients.

Topics: FDA | No Comments »

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