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Everything You Need to Know About Prostate Cancer

By uds uds | January 16, 2019

Everything You Need to Know About Prostate Cancer - Universal Drugstore Pharmacy News

The prostate is a small gland in a man’s reproductive system which is responsible for protecting and transporting semen. Cancer occurs when the cells in the prostate multiply too quickly for the body to control or fight off.

In the early stages, there may be no signs of prostate cancer. Some symptoms, however, include:

If you are experiencing some of these symptoms, it doesn’t necessarily mean you have prostate cancer. Check with your physician, who can give proper exams and a professional opinion.

 

How Many Different Types of Prostate Cancer Are There?

The type of prostate cancer with the highest diagnosis is adenocarcinoma, which makes up around 95-99% of cases. This cancer is formed within the glands that create and secrete mucus.

Types of Prostate Cancer

Rarer Types of Prostate Cancer

Grades of Prostate Cancer

There are a number of factors and exams which can determine how far your prostate cancer has progressed.

For clarity, tumor is defined as T, which determines the tumor size. Node is N, and determines if the lymph nodes contain any cancerous cells. Metastasis is M, a test to check whether cancer has spread to another area of the body.

 

How Do I Determine If I Have Prostate Cancer?

Prostate Cancer Screening and Tests

It is recommended that men 50 years and older – or anyone who has multiple risk factors of prostate cancer – get routine screenings. A screening is when you exhibit no symptoms, but receive a routine check-up. There are two types of screening tests:

If your screening exams reveal some abnormalities, the doctor should then perform further tests. If you exhibit certain symptoms, your doctor might choose to perform these tests. Some of those tests can include:

 

Predicting Prostate Cancer (Monitoring)

Prostate cancer affects 1 out of 9 American men. The exact cause of prostate cancer is still unknown, but there are a number of risk factors which increase these chances.

Common risk factors include:

 

Treatment and Management Options

There are multiple treatments and methods to manage prostate cancer. Treatment depends on you and your physician, but the most commonly used therapies include:

Surgery for Prostate Cancer

For cancer contained within the prostate, prostate removal surgery is an option. Surgery is becoming less invasive as more technology is developed, and the prostate is simply removed through an incision in the lower abdomen. Side effects can include incontinence, and bed rest is expected for a few months following surgery.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation is a highly effective technique to kill cancer cells through ionizing radiation. Though there are usually mild side effects, patients are still allowed to carry out everyday activities. Two types of treatments exist:

Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer

There are different medications used for hormone therapy, but the main purpose of all medications is to block or cease the production of testosterone. It is a commonly-used treatment, but does have a range of side effects, such as:

Chemotherapy for Prostate Cancer

Chemotherapy is not the most common treatment, and is usually used when a patient has advanced prostate cancer (or if it has spread to other parts of the body outside of the prostate). It does not get rid of prostate cancer, but it does help to alleviate symptomatic pain and prolong life. It is typically used when all other treatments have failed.

Active Surveillance

If you have a low-risk diagnosis of prostate cancer, your physician will likely suggest active surveillance. Most men’s cancer progresses slowly and causes no symptoms. Physicians find that yearly screening is effective.

 

Precision Therapies for Prostate Cancer

This is a newer, specialized treatment that targets specific tumors within the prostate, based on the individual’s genetic makeup. Through diagnostic tests, physicians are able to accurately find the best medicine for your body.

Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer

Immunotherapy is a highly technical treatment. Damaged immune cells are taken out of your body, sent to a lab, reinstructed to fight the cancer, and put back into the body through infusion. This way, your body can continue to try and fight the cancer itself (with some help).

 

Choosing a Treatment Option

Your physician will use a number of factors and tests (e.g., PSA, DRE, biopsy) to determine your risk group. Those factors could be age, stage of the cancer, tumor grade, and how the treatment will affect the patient. The most common options are active surveillance, surgery, and radiation therapy. It is important to discuss the best route to take with your physician.

 

Prostate Cancer Statistics & Survival Rates

Although prostate cancer is the second-most diagnosed type in the world, treatment is highly effective when compared to other types. Although many men never experience symptoms of prostate cancer, it can still be a fatal illness, which is why it is important to get regular screenings as you age.

 

How Long Can You Live After Being Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer?

Survival rates depend on the individual, type of prostate cancer (and its aggressiveness), effective treatment, and level of fitness. Many men who receive a diagnosis of a low risk tumor choose ‘active surveillance’, and are never affected by their tumor.

The statistical outcome is as follows:

 

Most research provided monitors men for 5 years after their diagnosis. This, however, does not mean that this is the maximum number of years a prostate cancer patient will live.

 

Prostate Cancer Medications

Some medications are used to reduce the size of an oversized prostate and slow the growth of cancerous cells, while others are used to block the effects of testosterone and starve cancerous cells.

 

Closing Paragraph

Although a prostate cancer diagnosis can seem shocking and frightening at first, there are many medications to combat the growth of cancerous cells. It’s important to have access to affordable medications, and Universal Drugstore is an online pharmacy that offers low prices, international shipping, brand name drug and generic drug availability.

Known for free pharmacist counseling, outstanding customer service, and the lowest price guaranteed, Universal Drugstore is the preferred option to order all of your medications.

 


References

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/what-is-prostate-cancer/prostate-cancer-symptoms-signs accessed dec 19

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/about/what-is-prostate-cancer.html dec 19

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20353087 dec 19

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html dec 19

https://prostatecancer.net/basics/types/ dec 19

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer/types-grades dec 19

https://www.cancercenter.com/terms/adenocarcinoma dec 20

https://prostatecanceruk.org/prostate-information/further-help/rare-prostate-cancer#prostate-sarcomas dec 20

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer/stages/number-staging-system dec 20 grades/stages

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer/stages/tnm-staging dec 20 grades/stages

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/diagnosis-staging-prostate-cancer/prostate-cancer-staging dec 20 grades/stages

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/diagnosis-staging-prostate-cancer/how-diagnosed dec 20 screening/tests

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer/getting-diagnosed/screening dec 20 screening/tests

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer/survival dec 21 survival rates

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/what-is-prostate-cancer/prostate-cancer-survival-rates dec 21 survival rates

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/prostate-cancer-treatment/active-surveillance dec 21 active surveillance

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/prostate-cancer-treatment/precision-therapies-prostate-cancer dec 21 precision therapy

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/prostate-cancer-treatment/immunotherapy-prostate-cancer dec 22 immunotherapy

http://www.cblpath.com/uploads/Small_Cell_Prostate_Cancer.pdf dec 30

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer/treatment/decisions-about-your-treatment and

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/diagnosis-staging-prostate-cancer/advanced-disease dec 30 – when to get chemotherapy

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319859.php

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