Minocycline is used to treat a wide variety of infections. It may also be used along with other medications to treat severe acne. Minocycline belongs to a class of drugs known as tetracycline antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu). Using any antibiotic when it is not needed can cause it to not work for future infections.
How to Use Minocycline
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking minocycline and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Minocycline is best taken on an empty stomach. Take Minocycline by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually every 12 hours, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. Take Minocycline with a full glass of water (8 ounces/240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise. If stomach upset occurs, taking it with food or milk may help. However, minocycline may not work as well if you take it with food or milk, so ask your doctor or pharmacist if you may take it that way. If you are taking the capsules, swallow them whole. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking Minocycline. For this reason, do not take it right before bedtime. Take Minocycline 2 to 3 hours before or after taking any products containing aluminum, calcium, iron, magnesium, or zinc. Some examples include antacids, didanosine solution, quinapril, vitamins/minerals, dairy products (such as milk, yogurt), and calcium-enriched juice. These products bind with minocycline, preventing your body from fully absorbing the drug. The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to treatment. For the best effect, take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times. To help you remember, take Minocycline at the same times every day. Continue to take Minocycline until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may result in a return of the infection. Tell your doctor if your condition lasts or gets worse.
See also Side Effects section. Before taking minocycline, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other tetracyclines (such as doxycycline); or if you have any other allergies. Minocycline may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details. Before using Minocycline, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history,kidney problems, liver problems, trouble swallowing, esophagus problems (such as hiatal hernia or reflux/heartburn). Minocycline may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis). Minocycline may make you more sensitive to the sun. Limit your time in the sun. Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Use sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Tell your doctor right away if you get sunburned or have skin blisters/redness. Minocycline may cause live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine) to not work well. Tell your health care professional that you are using minocycline before having any immunizations/vaccinations. Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). Children younger than 8 years may be more sensitive to the side effects of minocycline, especially tooth discoloration. Tooth discoloration has also occurred in older children and in young adults. Discuss the risks and benefits of Minocycline with the doctor. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. You should not become pregnant while using minocycline. Minocycline may harm an unborn baby. If you become pregnant, talk to your doctor right away about the risks and benefits of Minocycline. Minocycline passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
If you miss a dose of Minocycline, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.
See also How to Use section. Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.retinoid medications taken by mouth (such as acitretin, isotretinoin), strontium. Minocycline may interfere with certain lab tests (such as urine catecholamine levels), possibly causing false test results. Make sure lab personnel and all your doctors know you use Minocycline.
Minocycline Side Effects
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, lightheadedness, dizziness, or a feeling of spinning may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Remember that Minocycline has been prescribed because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using Minocycline do not have serious side effects. Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects,painful/difficult swallowing, hearing changes (such as ringing in the ears, decreased hearing), joint stiffness/pain/swelling, signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine, pink urine), signs of liver problems (such as loss of appetite, stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine), yellow-gray-brown tooth discoloration, blue-gray skin/tongue/lips/gums. Minocycline may rarely cause increased pressure around the brain (intracranial hypertension-IH). The risk of this side effect is greater for women of childbearing age who are overweight or who have had IH in the past. If IH develops, it usually goes away after minocycline is stopped; however, there is a chance of permanent vision loss or blindness.severe/lasting headache, vision changes (such as blurred/double vision, decreased vision, sudden blindness), nausea/vomiting that doesn't stop. Minocycline may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition due to a bacteria called C. difficile. This condition may occur during treatment or weeks to months after treatment has stopped.diarrhea that doesn't stop, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool. If you have these symptoms, do not use anti-diarrhea or opioid products because they may make symptoms worse. Use of Minocycline for prolonged or repeated periods may result in oral thrush or a new yeast infection. Contact your doctor if you notice white patches in your mouth, a change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms. A very serious allergic reaction to Minocycline is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction,fever that doesn't go away, new or worsening lymph node swelling, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing. This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch. In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard Minocycline when it is expired or no longer needed. Taking expired minocycline can cause serious illness. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
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